Flown Soyuz TM-32 Landing Capsule Earthward Observation Complete Porthole

Flown Soyuz TM-32 Landing Capsule Earthward Observation Complete Porthole

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Flown Soyuz TM-32 Landing Capsule Earthward Observation Complete Porthole

The dimensions are: 97cm by 41cm. 

The glass of the Soyuz porthole has the ability to change color depending on the direction of the sunbeams. The Descent Module - the only part of Soyuz that is recoverable, is occupied by the crew for launch, orbital maneuvering, docking, undocking, re-entry, and landing. The Descent Module has a nominal mass of 2,800kg and a length of 2.2 meters. Energia Corp. the manufacturer of Soyuz calculated that this spacecraft took two years to build and costs upwards of $65 million dollars to fly. 

 

Soyuz is a simple, proven design ideal for its current role of taking crews to and from a space station and providing recovery capabilities for longer duration crews. Its inadequacies are balanced by the bigger American Space Shuttle (now retired), which delivered heavier cargo and consumables. It is noteworthy that due to competition between the superpowers throughout the first four decades of human spaceflight, two complementary craft have been created. 

Soyuz TM-32 launched on April 28, 2001. Crew: the commander Talgat Musabaev, flight engineer Yuri Baturin and US businessman Dennis Tito (the first space tourist). 

The launched crew stayed for a week and returned in Soyuz TM-31, which had been docked to the station since November 2000 functioning as "lifeboat" for the onboard crew Expedition 1 and 2.

As the new lifeboat for Expedition 2 and later Expedition 3, TM-32 stayed docked at the station for six months, on October 31, 2001  brought home cosmonauts Konstantin Kozeyev, Viktor Afanasyev, and an ESA astronaut from France - Claudie Haigneré.

 

 

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